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Today, 22nd April marks the 45th Anniversary of Earth Day whose main motto is to build support to environmental protection around the world.
Initially, it was started in the year 1970 and now Earth Day Network (EDN) works with over 50,000 partners in 192 countries involving more than 1.2 billion activists every year making it the largest civic observance.
Where does it come from?
In 1969, a piece activist named John McConnell proposed a day to celebrate the Earth and the environment at UNESCO conference in San Francisco.
The first day of spring 21st March, was proposed date and later it was changed to 22nd April.
UN Senator Gaylord Nelson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom Award (the highest honor a U.S civilian can receive) in recognition of his work.
Earth Day Network’s India program, Headquartered in Kolkata, works to build and enhance the region’s civic mobilization and leadership in environmental moment.
Its projects are:
- Earth Day in India
- WAGE (Women and Green Economy)
- Capacity Building and Training
- Environment Education
In India, few official Earth Day events are :
- By Institute of Sustainable Development (ISD INDIA)
- By International Animal & Birds Welfare Society (IABWS) – Andhra Pradesh (India)
- By (R) Evolution- Secunderabad (Telangana)
- By Association for Social Solidatory and Empowerment Training Trust (ASSET) – Tamil Nadu
Earth Day 2015 includes activities like Cleanup of the Great Wall of China, Beach litter removal in Lebanon and an attempt to protect 25,000 acres of rain forest in Indonesia.
Reason’s to support Earth Day :
- The World’s average surface temperature has increased by around 0.6 degrees Celsius over the last 100 years.
- The extinction of Golden Toad due to climatic change.
- Global warming
- Enhances the spread of pests that causes life threatening diseases such as malaria, Lyme and Dengue.
- Coastal Flooding
- Climatic change can push food price up by 50 to 60% by 2030, report by Oxfam
- Scientists believe that due to current global warming the average global temperature may increase by 1.4 to 6 degrees in days to come.
- Hurricanes and Droughts
- More than 600,000 people die worldwide due to climate change.